Scalp Conditions _

When people say they have a “dry scalp”, they are often referring to a dandruff complaint. Most people are not aware that there are different types of dandruff. The scalp can be oily or dry depending on the activity of the sebaceous glands that produce a skin lubricating oil called sebum. Over-activity will cause an oily complaint and vice versa.


The common dandruffs, known as Pityriasis, are usually non-inflammatory and can be either temporary or long-lasting depending on the severity and cause. Pityriasis, can be caused by the imbalance of physical well-being, the nervous system, bacterial infection, medication, nutrition, climate and, quite commonly, lack of correct hair and scalp care. Most conditions can be minimised or cured. Medicated anti-dandruff shampoos, hydrocortizone (steroid-based) scalp lotions etc, act only as temporary, short-term treatments and, due to the strong active medication used in these products, further aggravation of the scalp can often be experienced, leading to a more sensitive, sore, red and, eventually, even flakier scalp condition.


This is often a chronic or long-lasting scalp/skin complaint and can have a similar appearance to Psoriasis (see below). It shows itself as a thick, tight, yellowy scalp scale, often with a red base. It can cause irritation. It is considered to be incurable. However, as this is one of the most common types of scalp problems we treat, we are able to reduce, contain and control as well as soothe and desensitise the scalp.


This is an oily, yellowy, large flaky complaint similar to a mild Seborrhoeic Dermatitis. The eyebrows and chest areas can also be affected. Due to excessive skin cell production, the condition forms a mixture of loose and attached layers of dead skin cells. The scalp can be quite sensitive and itchy as well as a reddened appearance. Possible causes can include: • Bacterial • Nervous system reaction • Allergies • Over-active sebaceous glands • Wrong hair and scalp care The front hairline and the flush facial areas can also appear red. This complaint can be treated and often cured. The correct home products are essential.


A dry, white, powdery flaky condition on the scalp and hair. Looks a little like washing powder has been sprinkled over the head! Apart from one of the main causes being under-active sebaceous glands, this condition follows the same other possible causes and treatment results as Pityriasis Steatoides


An excessively oily scalp due to over-active sebaceous glands. Can be improved with correct products and washing techniques. We manufacture a shampoo specifically designed to help this.


Simply,an intense scalp irritation. Although it is most often experienced with a flaky scalp complaint, one can still suffer, even with a ‘flake-free’ scalp. One must then consider causes such as skin sensitivity or hyper-sensitive nerve endings in the scalp. The scalp can also be painful, tender and sore. Some of our products are specifically designed to help soothe and reduce the above scalp complaints. Please do take a look at our product page or contact us for further help.


This is also a chronic (long-lasting) condition of the scalp. It shows itself as  thick, dry and tight white flakes, usually on a red, underlying base, either in patches of varying sizes or covering most/all of the scalp depending on the severity. It can overlap the forehead and neck and manifest behind the ears. The condition can be so thickly layered upon itself as to affect hair growth. It can be very itchy and bleed if picked or scratched. Lesions of psoriasis can be found on parts of the body including knees, elbows and back. The condition can also affect the fingernails, which may have a pitted or flaky appearance. Similar to Eczema, Psoriasis is regarded as an autoimmune condition. It can be genetically inherited or self acquired through the nervous system. Both are neither infectious nor contagious.

If you feel you may be suffering with any of the complaints listed on this page and wish to find out more about how The Spencer Clinic can help you, simply call us today on 020 7584 4255 or get a Free Online Diagnosis.